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Tanzania Trade Integration Strategy (TTIS) Single Integrated Framework 2009-2013
The Tanzania Trade Integration Strategy (TTIS) is a five (5) years implementation strategy (2009-2013) for implementing priorities agreed upon in the Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) undertaken in 2005. In fact it provides a mapping of current development needs and priorities within the Tanzania Trade sector with the role of current or planned multilateral/bilateral Trade Related Technical Assistance (TRTA) and possible areas of interventions for a Multi Donor Basket Fund and for Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF) Resources. It also provides a Single Integrated Framework for strengthening ownership of Aid for Trade and trade related issues by the Government of Tanzania and providing a mechanism for coordination of all trade sector development initiatives and Trade Related Technical Assistance in line with the Paris Declaration and the Joint Assistance Strategy for Tanzania (JAST).
TTIS Single Integrated Framework find its origin in Tanzania’s Diagnostic Trade Integration Study conducted in 2005 under the auspices of the Integrated Framework (IF). The Integrated Framework is a programme managed by the WTO. It aims at assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in taking advantage of the opportunities associated with deeper integration in the world trading system. The IF is the product of a partnership among six multilateral agencies (IMF, ITC, UNCTAD, UNDP, the World Bank, WTO,) bilateral donors, and beneficiary countries. The original IF was launched in 1997. Tanzania joined the IF in 1999. To date, 46 LDCs are at different stages of the IF process. In addition, in 2007, a strengthened IF program was launched under the name of Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), with more substantial trust fund resources to continue and assist all LDCs, but especially those that have limited access to multilateral or bilateral resources at the country level. Tanzania is also a member of EIF.
Tanzania’s 2005 DTIS resulted in a detailed diagnosis of interventions that could be implemented to accelerate the development of its trade sector. Over 120 Actions were identified in its “Action Matrix” validated during a two-day national workshop organized in November 2005. The DTIS Action Matrix highlighted both potential export sectors and cross-cutting trade policy and institution-building issues that required attention. The DTIS was endorsed for implementation by the Cabinet in June 2007.
To prepare an implementation strategy for the DTIS, MIT organized a Prioritization Workshop in September 2006. Thereafter, a team of national consultants was recruited to work closely with MIT officials and develop an Implementation Framework that would take into account the priorities identified by the workshop. That work took place during 2007 and 2008 and was accompanied by a series of in-depth consultations with stakeholders to deepen the understanding of the priorities identified during the September 2006 Prioritization Workshop in certain key areas.
The product of the aforementioned exercise was the preparation of the Tanzania Trade Integration Strategy 2009-2013 Single Framework. TTIS Single Framework was endorsed by the Government, the Private Sector, and Development Partners in May 2009 as the guide to coordinate the efforts of Tanzanian trade stakeholders, including Trade-Related Technical Assistance provided by development partners. This endorsement is reflected in the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by all stakeholders at that time.
Under the TTIS Single Framework a pilot project for Capacity Building for Trade Development and Integration in Tanzania was established, developed and approved for funding under the Window II of the Integrated Framework with a seed money of USD 1 Million through a financial agreement which was signed in January 2008 between UNDP as an IF Window II Fund Manager, Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
This seed money had supported three pilot interventions of which are:
Enhancing Market Competitiveness of Horticultural Crops from Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania implemented by Tanzania Horticultural Association (TAHA), with the aim of building the capacity of horticultural growers to meet the product quality and other export market requirements. In that exercise, six farmers groups were identified and formalized in Arusha and Kilimanjaro. These Farmers were trained and facilities upgraded.
1. Grading of Tourist Accommodation Facilities in Dar es Salaam and Coast Regions: This project was implemented by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. The aim of this project was to improve the standards, increase revenue generation from the tourism sector and set a benchmark for standards in the industry. The output of this project was that the grading exercise revealed that most of tourist accommodation establishments are concentrated in the three-star hotel while it was found that 14 were four-star hotels and 3 were five-star hotels.
2. Enhancement of Livestock and Fisheries Production and Productivity: This project was implemented by the Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries. Through this project, fish handling through fresh fish transportation using ice at Mtera Dam was improved, the use of wood for fish drying at Mtera was decreased and availability of livestock products to consumers in Mwanza and Shinyanga Region was improved. The achievements of this project were as follows:
(i) 38 commercial livestock farmers in Mwanza and Shinyanga trained in agribusiness.
(ii) 4 drafts of meat industry regulations and guidelines formulated.
(iii)1,217 fishermen, fish processors and traders sensitized on improved fish handling and processing considering the problem of deforestation
(iv) 245 fish processors and traders trained on improved fish handling and processing applicable during the rainy season
3. Strengthening the Government capacity to formulate trade policy and strategy, including mainstreaming trade in MKUKUTA and Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF): This component had been implemented by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment by putting in place the TTIS Coordination Office and Implementation mechanism from 2009.